This view has greatly influenced the development of deep ecology and ecophilosophy. Wells and Julian Huxley regarded the difficulties of coping with the concept of deep time as exaggerated: "The use of different scales is simply a matter of practice", they said in The Science of Life (1929). The experiential nature of the experience of deep time has also greatly influenced the work of Joanna Macy and John Seed. "We very soon get used to maps, though they are constructed on scales down to a hundred-millionth of natural size. Evolution & Ecology " (see its HOME PAGE .) The result is that some areas, such as the glossary are shared.Widgets Human evolution from an ancestral primate species is not a vague hypothesis, but a historical fact.As mathematician John Playfair, one of Hutton's friends and colleagues in the Scottish Enlightenment, remarked upon seeing the strata of the angular unconformity at Siccar Point with Hutton and James Hall in June 1788, "the mind seemed to grow giddy by looking so far into the abyss of time".Early geologists such as Nicolas Steno (1638-1686) and Horace-Bénédict de Saussure (1740-1799) had developed ideas of geological strata forming from water through chemical processes, which Abraham Gottlob Werner (1749–1817) developed into a theory known as Neptunism, envisaging the slow crystallisation of minerals in the ancient oceans of the Earth to form rock.Very simply, there are five basic principles to this theory:  Variation has a genetic origin (i.e.is heritable) and arises through processes such as mutation and recombination.
Adaptation is a continuous response to the environment by changeable species. Natural selection, gene flow and random genetic drift (the random change in gene combinations with each generation) drive evolution, resulting in a change in gene frequencies within populations . Adaptation is genetically based and so leads to phenotypic changes that accumulate over time;  Speciation (species formation) evolves through reproductive isolation and (genetic) divergence of populations;  Genetic changes through natural selection lead to new species and eventually new taxa .sapiens (including Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon) (see the modern taxonomic classification of humans).This formed the foundation of the neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory.This environment has a living (other animals) and non-living component (e.g. Widgets A unique adaptation usually precedes the entry into a new niche .Tool use by our early ancestors is one such adaptation.africanus (Dart, 1925) (including small brained australopithecines) (see books), H.erectus (including the Java and Peking hominids - the archetypal Missing Link) and H.Physicist Gregory Benford addresses the concept in Deep Time: How Humanity Communicates Across Millennia (1999), as does paleontologist and Nature editor Henry Gee in In Search of Deep Time: Beyond the Fossil Record to a New History of Life (2001) Stephen Jay Gould's Time's Arrow, Time's Cycle (1987) also deals in large part with the evolution of the concept.John Mc Phee discussed "deep time" at length with the layman in mind in Basin and Range (1981), parts of which originally appeared in the New Yorker magazine.