Children are often forced by social structures and individual agents into situations in which adults take advantage of their vulnerability and sexually exploit and abuse them by selling them or selling their bodies.Structure and agency commonly combine to force a child into commercial sex: for example, the prostitution of a child frequently follows from prior sexual abuse, often in the child's home.Research suggests that there may be as many as 10 million children involved in prostitution worldwide.Most of the children involved with prostitution are girls, despite an increase in the number of young boys in the trade.
The girls are then made to appear older, and documents are forged as protection against law enforcement.According to one study, only about 10% of prostituted children have a pimp and over 45% entered the business through friends.Maureen Jaffe and Sonia Rosen from the International Child Labor Study Office write that cases vary widely: "Some victims are runaways from home or State institutions, others are sold by their parents or forced or tricked into prostitution, and others are street children. Although one tends to think first and foremost of young girls in the trade, there is an increase in the number of young boys involved in prostitution.The most disquieting cases are those children who are forced into the trade and then incarcerated.These children run the possible further risk of torture and subsequent death." Human trafficking is defined by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) as "the recruitment, transport, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a person by such means as threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud or deception for the purpose of exploitation". GIFT aims to fight human trafficking through a mutual support from its stakeholders which includes governments, businesses, and other large global actors.In 2007 the UN founded United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN. In cooperation with UNICEF, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) the United Nations took a grant from the United Arab Emirates to establish UN. Their first initiative is to spread the word that human trafficking is immoral and has become a growing problem that it will take a global cooperation to cease its continuation. GIFT strives to lower the demand for this exploitation and create a safe environment for potential victims.In cases where they are taken out of the country, traffickers prey on the fact that the children are often unable to understand the language of their new location and are unaware of their legal rights.Many predators target runaways, sexual assault victims, and children who have been harshly neglected by their biological parents. Several definitions have been proposed for prostitution of children.Not only have they faced traumatic violence that affects their physical being, but become intertwined into the violent life of prostitution." – U. The United Nations defines it as "the act of engaging or offering the services of a child to perform sexual acts for money or other consideration with that person or any other person"."Survival sex" occurs when a child engages in sex acts in order to obtain money, food, shelter, clothing, or other items needed in order to survive.In these situations, the transaction typically only involves the child and the customer; children engaged in survival sex are usually not controlled or directed by pimps, madams, or other traffickers.