They hoped, thereby, to fund the Contras in Nicaragua while at the same time negotiating the release of several U. The scandal began as an operation to free seven American hostages being held in Lebanon by Hezbollah, a paramilitary group with Iranian ties connected to the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution.It was planned that Israel would ship weapons to Iran, and then the United States would resupply Israel and receive the Israeli payment.Handwritten notes taken by Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger on December 7, 1985, indicate that Reagan was aware of potential hostage transfers with Iran, as well as the sale of Hawk and TOW missiles to "moderate elements" within that country.After the weapon sales were revealed in November 1986, Reagan appeared on national television and stated that the weapons transfers had indeed occurred, but that the United States did not trade arms for hostages. Congress and the three-person, Reagan-appointed Tower Commission.
Ultimately the sale of weapons to Iran was not deemed a criminal offense but charges were brought against five individuals for their support of the Contras.The broader constitutional question at stake was the power of Congress vs. The Reagan administration argued that because the constitution assigned the right to conduct foreign policy to the executive, its efforts to overthrow the government of Nicaragua were a presidential prerogative that Congress had no right to try to halt via the Boland amendments.By contrast congressional leaders argued that the constitution had assigned Congress control of the budget, and Congress had every right to use that power not to fund projects like attempting to overthrow the government of Nicaragua that they disapproved of.Those charges, however, were later dropped because the administration refused to declassify certain documents.The indicted conspirators faced various lesser charges instead.To fund "the Enterprise", the Reagan administration was constantly on the look-out for funds that came from outside the U. government in order not to explicitly violate the letter of the Boland amendment, though the efforts to find alternative funding for the Contras violated the spirit of the Boland amendment.Dynamic political evolution is taking place inside Iran. to exploit and benefit from any power struggle that results in changes from the Iranian regime... S should encourage Western allies and friends to help Iran meet its import requirements so as to reduce the attractiveness of Soviet assistance...or the Iran–Contra scandal, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.Senior administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to Iran, which was the subject of an arms embargo. Under the Boland Amendment, further funding of the Contras by the government had been prohibited by Congress.The Americans believed that there was a moderate faction in the Islamic republic headed by Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, the powerful speaker of the Majlis who was seen as a leading potential successor to Khomeini and who was alleged to want a rapprochement with the United States.The Americans believed that Rafsanjani had the power to order Hezbollah to free the American hostages and establishing a relationship with him by selling Iran arms would ultimately place Iran back within the American sphere of influence.