The city has a population of 721,599 as of the Canada 2016 Census, and is Canada's sixth-most populous municipality.
In January 2010, the Mississaugas and the federal government settled a land claim, in which the band of aboriginal people received 5,000,000, as just compensation for their land and lost income.
Toronto Pearson International Airport, Canada's busiest airport, is located in the city, and it is the location of many major corporate headquarters for Canada.
At the time of the arrival of the Europeans in the 1600s, both Iroquoian- and Algonquian-speaking peoples already lived in the Credit River Valley area.
The original villages (and some later incorporated towns) settled included: Lakeview, Clarkson, Cooksville, Dixie, Erindale (called Springfield until 1890), Lorne Park, Port Credit, Sheridan and Summerville.
This region would become known as Toronto Township.