All even numbers were female, all odd numbers male. The most perfect number was 10, because 10 = 1 2 3 4.This number symbolized unity arising from multiplicity. A single point corresponds to 1, a line to 2 (because a line has two extremities), a triangle to 3, and space to 4. The Pythagoreans recognized the existence of nine heavenly bodies: Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the so-called Central Fire. The square numbers (1, 4, 9, 16,…) were arranged in squares, and the triangular numbers (1, 3, 6, 10,…) were arranged in triangles (Polygonal numbers The ancient Greeks generally thought of numbers in concrete terms, particularly as measurements and geometric dimensions.Learned tomes are written about the significance of such stalwarts as the golden number (1.618034), which does occur in flowering plants and modern architecture but does not occur in the shell of the nautilus and ancient Greek architecture, despite endless myths to the contrary.Many religions have their sacred numbers, as do organizations such as Freemasonry; Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s music, notably the (1791), includes many intentional references to Masonic numerology.Sometimes the date of birth is used, sometimes the date of election. Still, a few of the coincidences are quite startling.If those do not work, how about the dates of college graduation, marriage, firstborn child, first election to office, or death? The correct birth date for Booth is now thought to be 1838, not 1839, and Booth actually fled to a barn. Although rational explanations exist, a true believer cannot be convinced.It is also the 17th tetrahedral number, meaning that if you pile up spheres so that successive layers form the triangular numbers 1, 3, 6, 10, and so on, by layer 17 the total number of balls will be 969. Little is known of his life, and in fact he may be a composite figure to whom the discoveries of many different people have been attributed by his followers.
The significance is clear: the year of his birth, 1945, was exactly 130 years after the Battle of Waterloo.The Pythagoreans invested specific numbers with mystical properties.The number 1 symbolized unity and the origin of all things, since all other numbers can be created from 1 by adding enough copies of it. The number 2 was symbolic of the female principle, 3 of the male; they come together in 2 3 = 5 as marriage.The Pythagoreans’ ideas were a mixture of prescience (the numerical features of musical sounds) and mysticism (3 is male, 4 is female, and 10 is the most perfect number).Numbers were associated with names for magical purposes: the biblical “number of the beast,” 666, is probably an example of this practice.Mathematics is the study of numbers, shapes, and related structures.Number mysticism belongs elsewhere and is generally categorized as numerology.Thus, the coincidence of day of the week for the assassinations is emphasized; the differences in month and number of day in the month are ignored.(Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, Kennedy on November 22.) More subtly, only one choice is made from many possibilities, the one that maintains the numerological pattern. Many of the coincidences listed here are exaggerations, lies, elaborations chosen from an infinite range of potential targets, or the result of a hidden selective process.The priesthood of ancient Egypt used numbers to predict the flooding of the Nile.Pythagoreanism, a cult of ancient Greece, believed that numbers were the basis of the entire universe, which ran on numerical harmony.