In addition, the expectation of future attacks can severely limit a worker's productivity and enjoyment of his or her job.
Businesses can be held at fault for not responding appropriately to reports of harassment or intimidation, so it is important to ensure that in-house procedures are in place to deal with workplace bullying and that employees are aware of them.
The first time the behavior happens, it's generally best to confront the bully and tell him or her that his or her actions offensive, and will be reported to human resources if they continue.
Workers should keep detailed records of any incidents that occur and try to find witnesses to help back up their claims.
In January, I wrote about feeling intimidated by my siblings.
Ongoing violent acts in the workplace are uncommon, but when this type of workplace intimidation occurs, the results can be devastating.
A worker that is tripped, shoved or hit frequently at work can experience physical injuries and psychological pain.
Even when no physical harm is administered, verbal abusers can cause significant emotional stress, and make an employee feel uncomfortable and scared to go to work.
Some office bullies sabotage the equipment or accomplishments of other workers.