Paul Ekman, a widely recognized psychologist, found six emotions that were universally recognized: anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness, and surprise.Findings on contempt are less clear, though there is at least some preliminary evidence that this emotion and its expression are universally recognized.Copy this list and print it out at home where you and your children can have fun planning your special dates.Or, cut each idea into a strip and place it in a jar.Therefore, contempt is a response to a perceived failure to meet an interpersonal standard.
It is the past participle of contemnere and from com- intensive prefix temnere "to slight, scorn". In this study, citizens of West Sumatra, Indonesia, were given photos of American, Japanese, and Indonesian peoples.
Their ability to classify some facial expressions as contempt versus the primary emotions of anger, disgust, happiness, sadness, fear, or surprise showed that across cultures, general contempt is universally understood (with level of agreement equating to 75%).
“An expression in which the corner of the lip is tightened and raised slightly on one side of the face (or much more strongly on one side than the other) signaled contempt.” This study showed that contempt, as well as the outward expression of contempt, can be pointed out across Western and Non-Western peoples when contrasted with other primary emotions.
Contempt requires a judgment concerning the appearance or standing of the object of contempt.
In particular, contempt involves the judgment that, because of some moral or personal failing or defect, the contemned person has compromised his or her standing vis-à-vis an interpersonal standard that the contemptor treats as important.